About Diabetes  

If you are living with diabetes, you are not alone!

  • 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes, and the number is growing
  • Nearly 1 in 11 people have diabetes
  • Diabetes is an epidemic: 1 out of 3 people may develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime

Even if you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may not know exactly what’s going on in your body.

When you eat, some of your food is broken down into sugar (also called "glucose"). This sugar travels in your blood to all your body’s cells. A hormone called insulin "unlocks" the cells to let the sugar in, so that your cells can use it for energy. 

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make or correctly use insulin. Without insulin, sugar can’t get into the cells where it’s needed. Instead, it stays in the blood, causing blood sugar to rise. 

The most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. 


Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, previously called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is the most common form of diabetes. It is usually found in adults, but it is being seen more and more in young adults. Generally in type 2 diabetes, the body is still making some insulin, but cannot correctly use the insulin it does make, leaving too much sugar in the blood. Too much sugar in the blood can cause some diabetes-related problems (complications). 

About 95% of people who have diabetes have type 2. So if you don’t know which type you have, it’s probably type 2. For more information, click here.


Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, previously called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, represents about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin at first. Eventually, it makes almost no insulin. Because of this, too much sugar can build up in the blood and can cause some diabetes-related problems (complications). Although type 1 diabetes often shows up in childhood or early adulthood, it can appear at any age. For more information, click here.

Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
The body makes very little or no insulin The body prevents the insulin it does make from working correctly
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day The body may make some insulin, but not enough
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed more often in children and young adults Most people with diabetes–about 95%–have type 2

This kind of diabetes usually happens in people who are older or in some people who are overweight
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