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Type 2 Diabetes

Warning signs of type 2 diabetes
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Managing diabetes takes commitment
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NovoLog® FlexPen® works for me
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Type 2 diabetes, previously called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is the most common form of diabetes. It affects both children and adults, but it is more commonly diagnosed in adults.

Insulin and type 2 diabetes

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin to help the body use sugar as fuel. When blood sugar levels rise, such as after meals, the pancreas releases more insulin. In this way, insulin controls levels of blood sugar in the body by moving it to areas that use it.

With type 2 diabetes, the body cannot use the insulin it makes to control blood sugar, or there isnʼt enough insulin. When the body first starts to have problems using insulin properly, it is called insulin resistance. As a result of insulin resistance, the body needs more insulin to work. At first, the pancreas produces more insulin. But after a while, the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to control the blood sugar in the body.

With type 2 diabetes, the sugar stays in the bloodstream, where it builds up and becomes too high. These high blood sugar levels can lead to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes medicines, may become necessary when people with type 2 diabetes need more help controlling blood sugar.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

People with type 2 diabetes may not show any symptoms at first. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, such as

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling very tired

People with type 2 diabetes may also have problems with

  • Infections of the skin, gums, or bladder
  • Scrapes or bruises healing slower than usual
  • Tingling or numbness in the limbs

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Some people have a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes than others. This includes people who are overweight and those who are not physically active very often. Other factors may include older age or a family history of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes treatment

It's important for people with this form of diabetes to choose the right foods and to get plenty of exercise. Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes taking insulin regularly. A rapid or fast-acting insulin analog, such as NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection), combined with a long-acting insulin, offers a dosing schedule that can be adjusted around meals.

Indications and Usage

What is NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection)?

NovoLog® is a man-made insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Safety Information

Who should not use NovoLog®?

Do not use NovoLog® if your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

What should I tell my health care provider before taking NovoLog®?

About all of your medical conditions, including liver, kidney, or heart problems.
If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or plan to do either.
About all prescription and nonprescription medicines you take, including supplements, as your dose may need to change.

How should I take NovoLog®?

Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after using NovoLog®, a fast-acting insulin, to avoid low blood sugar. Do not inject NovoLog® if you do not plan to eat right after your injection or bolus pump infusion.
Do not mix NovoLog® with any other insulin when used in a pump or with any insulin other than NPH when used with injections by syringe.
Do not change your dose or type of insulin unless you are told to by your health care provider.
Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes.
Check your blood sugar levels as directed by your health care provider.

What should I consider while using NovoLog®?

Alcohol, including beer and wine, may affect your blood sugar.
Be careful when driving a car or operating machinery. You may have difficulty concentrating or reacting if you have low blood sugar. Talk to your health care provider if you often have low blood sugar or no warning signs of low blood sugar.

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.
Serious allergic reactions may occur. Get medical help right away, if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating.
Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

For more information, please click here for complete NovoLog® Prescribing Information.

NovoLog® is a prescription medicine.

Talk to your doctor about the importance of diet and exercise in your treatment plan.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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If you need assistance with prescription drug costs, help may be available. Visit pparx.org or call 1-888-4PPA-NOW.

Selected Important Safety Information

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

• Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.

• Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

Please click here for additional Important Safety Information

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