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Glossary

A1C: A test that measures blood sugar or glucose levels for the previous 3 to 4 months.

Bad cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. A high level of bad cholesterol leads to a buildup of cholesterol in arteries and may lead to heart disease.

Basal insulin: The insulin that provides the body with a steady, low level of insulin throughout the day and night; may be given by intermediate- or long-acting insulin injections or continuous release of faster-acting insulin in a pump.

Bolus insulin: The faster-acting (either regular or rapid-acting) insulin that provides the boost of insulin needed to stop the rise in blood glucose levels that occurs after meals; may be given as a before-meal injection or a before-meal dose via an insulin pump.

Cholesterol: A fat-like substance that is found in the bloodstream and body tissue. Cholesterol is used by the body to make hormones and build cell walls. However, too much cholesterol can cause a disease that harms blood circulation.

Dietitian: A health care professional who advises people about meal planning, weight control, and diabetes management.

Endocrinologist: A doctor who treats people who have endocrine gland problems such as diabetes.

Fast-acting insulin analog: An insulin that works faster and for a shorter period of time compared with regular human insulin; created by changing the chemical structure of the insulin molecule.

Glucose: Also known as blood sugar, glucose is used by the body for fuel. Glucose is produced when the digestive system breaks down food.

Good cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Good cholesterol helps the liver remove all cholesterol from your body. The higher your good cholesterol level, the lower your chance of getting heart disease.

Hormone: A chemical made by the body to help it work in different ways. For example, insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas to help the body use glucose as energy.

Hyperglycemia: A condition people with diabetes may experience when their blood glucose levels are too high. Symptoms of hyperglycemia may include having to urinate often, being very thirsty, and losing weight.

Hypoglycemia: A condition people with diabetes may experience when their blood glucose levels are too low. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may include feeling anxious or confused, feeling numb in the arms and hands, and shaking or feeling dizzy.

Insulin analog: A type of insulin in which the chemical structure of the insulin molecule has been changed in some way.

Ketoacidosis: A serious condition caused by too little insulin; caused by high levels of glucose and ketones in urine.

Ketones: Waste created when fat cells are burned for energy. In large amounts, ketones alter the blood chemistry and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Nutritionist: A person with training in nutrition. A nutritionist may have specialized training and qualifications, but may not.

Ophthalmologist: A medical doctor who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases and eye disorders.

Pancreas: An organ in the body that produces insulin, which enables the body to use glucose for energy.

Physiologic: Similar to the way the human body works naturally.

Podiatrist: Doctor that specializes in the feet. Podiatrists also provide regular foot examinations and treatment.

Rapid-acting insulin analog: Also called a fast-acting insulin analog, this is an insulin that works faster and for a shorter period of time compared with regular human insulin; created by changing the chemical structure of the insulin molecule.

Regular human insulin: An older form of fast-acting insulin. With regular human insulin, meals are eaten 30 minutes after insulin injection. In newer fast-acting insulins, such as NovoLog®, meals can be eaten within 5 to 10 minutes.

NovoLog® Stories
How NovoLog® works
(7:12 min.)
A video that shows the science behind how NovoLog® works.
What is Diabetes?
(12:21 min.)
A video that shows how diabetes affects the body.
What is basal-bolus therapy?
(4:55 min.)
A fast-acting insulin analog like NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection) can be taken along with a long-acting insulin for better blood sugar control.
Individual results may vary.

Indications and Usage

What is NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection)?

  • NovoLog® is a man-made insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Safety Information

Who should not take NovoLog®?

Do not take NovoLog® if:

  • your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

Before taking NovoLog®, tell your health care provider about all your medical conditions including, if you are:

  • pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • taking new prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including supplements.

Talk to your health care provider about how to manage low blood sugar.

How should I take NovoLog®?

  • Read the Instructions for Use and take exactly as directed.
  • NovoLog® is fast-acting. Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after taking it.
  • Know the type and strength of your insulin. Do not change your insulin type unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Check your blood sugar levels. Ask your health care provider what your blood sugar levels should be and when you should check them.
  • Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes. You may give or get an infection from another person.

What should I avoid while taking NovoLog®?

  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery, until you know how NovoLog® affects you.
  • Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that contain alcohol.

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

Serious side effects can lead to death, including:

Low blood sugar. Some signs and symptoms include:

  • anxiety, irritability, mood changes, dizziness, sweating, confusion, and headache.

Your insulin dose may need to change because of:

  • weight gain or loss, increased stress, illness, or change in diet or level of physical activity.

Other common side effects may include:

  • low potassium in your blood, injection site reactions, itching, rash, serious whole body allergic reactions, skin thickening or pits at the injection site, weight gain, and swelling of your hands and feet.

Get emergency medical help if you have:

  • trouble breathing, shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, swelling of your face, tongue, or throat, sweating, extreme drowsiness, dizziness, or confusion.

For more information, please click here for complete NovoLog® Prescribing Information.

NovoLog® is a prescription medicine.

Talk to your doctor about the importance of diet and exercise in your treatment plan.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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If you need assistance with prescription drug costs, help may be available. Visit pparx.org or call 1-888-4PPA-NOW.

Selected Important Safety Information

Who should not take NovoLog®?

Do not take NovoLog® if:

  • your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

How should I take NovoLog®?

  • Read the Instructions for Use and take exactly as directed.
  • NovoLog® is fast-acting. Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after taking it.
  • Know the type and strength of your insulin. Do not change your insulin type unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Check your blood sugar levels. Ask your health care provider what your blood sugar levels should be and when you should check them.
  • Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes. You may give or get an infection from another person.

Please click here for additional Important Safety Information

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