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Glossary

A1C: A test that measures blood sugar or glucose levels for the previous 3 to 4 months.

Bad cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. A high level of bad cholesterol leads to a buildup of cholesterol in arteries and may lead to heart disease.

Basal insulin: The insulin that provides the body with a steady, low level of insulin throughout the day and night; may be given by intermediate- or long-acting insulin injections or continuous release of faster-acting insulin in a pump.

Bolus insulin: The faster-acting (either regular or rapid-acting) insulin that provides the boost of insulin needed to stop the rise in blood glucose levels that occurs after meals; may be given as a before-meal injection or a before-meal dose via an insulin pump.

Cholesterol: A fat-like substance that is found in the bloodstream and body tissue. Cholesterol is used by the body to make hormones and build cell walls. However, too much cholesterol can cause a disease that harms blood circulation.

Dietitian: A health care professional who advises people about meal planning, weight control, and diabetes management.

Endocrinologist: A doctor who treats people who have endocrine gland problems such as diabetes.

Fast-acting insulin analog: An insulin that works faster and for a shorter period of time compared with regular human insulin; created by changing the chemical structure of the insulin molecule.

Glucose: Also known as blood sugar, glucose is used by the body for fuel. Glucose is produced when the digestive system breaks down food.

Good cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Good cholesterol helps the liver remove all cholesterol from your body. The higher your good cholesterol level, the lower your chance of getting heart disease.

Hormone: A chemical made by the body to help it work in different ways. For example, insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas to help the body use glucose as energy.

Hyperglycemia: A condition people with diabetes may experience when their blood glucose levels are too high. Symptoms of hyperglycemia may include having to urinate often, being very thirsty, and losing weight.

Hypoglycemia: A condition people with diabetes may experience when their blood glucose levels are too low. Symptoms of hypoglycemia may include feeling anxious or confused, feeling numb in the arms and hands, and shaking or feeling dizzy.

Insulin analog: A type of insulin in which the chemical structure of the insulin molecule has been changed in some way.

Ketoacidosis: A serious condition caused by too little insulin; caused by high levels of glucose and ketones in urine.

Ketones: Waste created when fat cells are burned for energy. In large amounts, ketones alter the blood chemistry and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Nutritionist: A person with training in nutrition. A nutritionist may have specialized training and qualifications, but may not.

Ophthalmologist: A medical doctor who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases and eye disorders.

Pancreas: An organ in the body that produces insulin, which enables the body to use glucose for energy.

Physiologic: Similar to the way the human body works naturally.

Podiatrist: Doctor that specializes in the feet. Podiatrists also provide regular foot examinations and treatment.

Rapid-acting insulin analog: Also called a fast-acting insulin analog, this is an insulin that works faster and for a shorter period of time compared with regular human insulin; created by changing the chemical structure of the insulin molecule.

Regular human insulin: An older form of fast-acting insulin. With regular human insulin, meals are eaten 30 minutes after insulin injection. In newer fast-acting insulins, such as NovoLog®, meals can be eaten within 5 to 10 minutes.

NovoLog® Stories
How NovoLog® works
(7:12 min.)
A video that shows the science behind how NovoLog® works.
What is Diabetes?
(12:21 min.)
A video that shows how diabetes affects the body.
What is basal-bolus therapy?
(4:55 min.)
A fast-acting insulin analog like NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection) can be taken along with a long-acting insulin for better blood sugar control.
Individual results may vary.

Indications and Usage

What is NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection)?

NovoLog® is a man-made insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Safety Information

Who should not use NovoLog®?

Do not use NovoLog® if your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

What should I tell my health care provider before taking NovoLog®?

About all of your medical conditions, including liver, kidney, or heart problems.
If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or plan to do either.
About all prescription and nonprescription medicines you take, including supplements, as your dose may need to change.

How should I take NovoLog®?

Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after using NovoLog®, a fast-acting insulin, to avoid low blood sugar. Do not inject NovoLog® if you do not plan to eat right after your injection or bolus pump infusion.
Do not mix NovoLog® with any other insulin when used in a pump or with any insulin other than NPH when used with injections by syringe.
Do not change your dose or type of insulin unless you are told to by your health care provider.
Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes.
Check your blood sugar levels as directed by your health care provider.

What should I consider while using NovoLog®?

Alcohol, including beer and wine, may affect your blood sugar.
Be careful when driving a car or operating machinery. You may have difficulty concentrating or reacting if you have low blood sugar. Talk to your health care provider if you often have low blood sugar or no warning signs of low blood sugar.

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.
Serious allergic reactions may occur. Get medical help right away, if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating.
Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

For more information, please click here for complete NovoLog® Prescribing Information.

NovoLog® is a prescription medicine.

Talk to your doctor about the importance of diet and exercise in your treatment plan.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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If you need assistance with prescription drug costs, help may be available. Visit pparx.org or call 1-888-4PPA-NOW.

Selected Important Safety Information

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

• Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.

• Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

Please click here for additional Important Safety Information

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