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Type 2 Diabetes

Warning signs of type 2 diabetes
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Managing diabetes takes commitment
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NovoLog® FlexPen® works for me
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Type 2 diabetes, previously called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is the most common form of diabetes. It affects both children and adults, but it is more commonly diagnosed in adults.

Insulin and type 2 diabetes

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin to help the body use sugar as fuel. When blood sugar levels rise, such as after meals, the pancreas releases more insulin. In this way, insulin controls levels of blood sugar in the body by moving it to areas that use it.

With type 2 diabetes, the body cannot use the insulin it makes to control blood sugar, or there isnʼt enough insulin. When the body first starts to have problems using insulin properly, it is called insulin resistance. As a result of insulin resistance, the body needs more insulin to work. At first, the pancreas produces more insulin. But after a while, the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to control the blood sugar in the body.

With type 2 diabetes, the sugar stays in the bloodstream, where it builds up and becomes too high. These high blood sugar levels can lead to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes medicines, may become necessary when people with type 2 diabetes need more help controlling blood sugar.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

People with type 2 diabetes may not show any symptoms at first. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, such as

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling very tired

People with type 2 diabetes may also have problems with

  • Infections of the skin, gums, or bladder
  • Scrapes or bruises healing slower than usual
  • Tingling or numbness in the limbs

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Some people have a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes than others. This includes people who are overweight and those who are not physically active very often. Other factors may include older age or a family history of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes treatment

It's important for people with this form of diabetes to choose the right foods and to get plenty of exercise. Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes taking insulin regularly. A rapid or fast-acting insulin analog, such as NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection), combined with a long-acting insulin, offers a dosing schedule that can be adjusted around meals.

Indications and Usage

What is NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection)?

  • NovoLog® is a man-made insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Safety Information for NovoLog®

Who should not take NovoLog®?

Do not take NovoLog® if:

  • your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

Before taking NovoLog®, tell your health care provider about all your medical conditions including, if you are:

  • pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • taking new prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including supplements.

Talk to your health care provider about how to manage low blood sugar.

How should I take NovoLog®?

  • Read the Instructions for Use and take exactly as directed.
  • NovoLog® is fast-acting. Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after taking it.
  • Know the type and strength of your insulin. Do not change your insulin type unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Check your blood sugar levels. Ask your health care provider what your blood sugar levels should be and when you should check them.
  • Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes. You may give or get an infection from another person.

What should I avoid while taking NovoLog®?

  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery, until you know how NovoLog® affects you.
  • Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that contain alcohol.

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

Serious side effects can lead to death, including:

Low blood sugar. Some signs and symptoms include:

  • anxiety, irritability, mood changes, dizziness, sweating, confusion, and headache.

Your insulin dose may need to change because of:

  • weight gain or loss, increased stress, illness, or change in diet or level of physical activity.

Other common side effects may include:

  • low potassium in your blood, injection site reactions, itching, rash, serious whole body allergic reactions, skin thickening or pits at the injection site, weight gain, and swelling of your hands and feet and if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure.

Get emergency medical help if you have:

  • trouble breathing, shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, swelling of your face, tongue, or throat, sweating, extreme drowsiness, dizziness, or confusion.

For more information, please click here for complete NovoLog® Prescribing Information.

NovoLog® is a prescription medicine.

Talk to your doctor about the importance of diet and exercise in your treatment plan.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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If you need assistance with prescription drug costs, help may be available. Visit pparx.org or call 1-888-4PPA-NOW.

Selected Important Safety Information

Who should not take NovoLog®?

Do not take NovoLog® if:

  • your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

How should I take NovoLog®?

  • Read the Instructions for Use and take exactly as directed.
  • NovoLog® is fast-acting. Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after taking it.
  • Know the type and strength of your insulin. Do not change your insulin type unless your health care provider tells you to.
  • Check your blood sugar levels. Ask your health care provider what your blood sugar levels should be and when you should check them.
  • Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes. You may give or get an infection from another person.

Please click here for additional Important Safety Information

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