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Type 1 Diabetes

The moment we knew
(0:48 min.)

My parentʼs journey with my type 1 diabetes
(0:31 min.)

The challenges of type 1 diabetes
(0:27 min.)

Individual results may vary.

Type 1 diabetes, previously called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, represents 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Children, teenagers, and young adults are the people who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes most often.

Insulin and type 1 diabetes

Insulin is a hormone made by beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin helps the body use sugar as fuel. The body constantly checks how much sugar is in the bloodstream. When blood sugar levels rise, the body tells the pancreas to release more insulin.

In type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system mistakenly attacks beta cells, the special cells that produce insulin. Over a period of months or years, the beta cells stop working. This happens without symptoms or pain. With fewer beta cells, the pancreas cannot produce all the insulin that the body needs.

When there is not enough insulin, sugar in the blood cannot be used by the body as fuel. Instead, the sugar builds up in the blood. This can be harmful to the body in many ways and can lead to the symptoms of diabetes. This is when you may need diabetes medicines, such as NovoLog® with a long-acting insulin, to help control your blood sugar.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling very tired

People with type 1 diabetes may also have problems with

  • Infections of the skin, gum, or bladder
  • Scrapes or bruises healing slower than usual
  • Tingling or numbness in the limbs

What causes type 1 diabetes?

It is not known exactly what causes the body's immune system to attack the beta cells. It is believed that family history, viruses, and environmental factors may be involved.

Type 1 diabetes treatment

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes taking insulin regularly. Itʼs also important for people with this form of diabetes to choose the right foods and get plenty of exercise.

When you use an insulin like NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection) and make healthy lifestyle choices, you are taking an active role in managing your blood sugar levels. Adding both exercise and good nutrition is also an important part of treatment.

Next: Type 2 Diabetes >

Indications and Usage

What is NovoLog® (insulin aspart [rDNA origin] injection)?

NovoLog® is a man-made insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Important Safety Information

Who should not use NovoLog®?

Do not use NovoLog® if your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or you are allergic to any of its ingredients.

What should I tell my health care provider before taking NovoLog®?

About all of your medical conditions, including liver, kidney, or heart problems.
If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or plan to do either.
About all prescription and nonprescription medicines you take, including supplements, as your dose may need to change.

How should I take NovoLog®?

Eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after using NovoLog®, a fast-acting insulin, to avoid low blood sugar. Do not inject NovoLog® if you do not plan to eat right after your injection or bolus pump infusion.
Do not mix NovoLog® with any other insulin when used in a pump or with any insulin other than NPH when used with injections by syringe.
Do not change your dose or type of insulin unless you are told to by your health care provider.
Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes.
Check your blood sugar levels as directed by your health care provider.

What should I consider while using NovoLog®?

Alcohol, including beer and wine, may affect your blood sugar.
Be careful when driving a car or operating machinery. You may have difficulty concentrating or reacting if you have low blood sugar. Talk to your health care provider if you often have low blood sugar or no warning signs of low blood sugar.

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.
Serious allergic reactions may occur. Get medical help right away, if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating.
Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

For more information, please click here for complete NovoLog® Prescribing Information.

NovoLog® is a prescription medicine.

Talk to your doctor about the importance of diet and exercise in your treatment plan.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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If you need assistance with prescription drug costs, help may be available. Visit pparx.org or call 1-888-4PPA-NOW.

Selected Important Safety Information

What are the possible side effects of NovoLog®?

• Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache. Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and death.

• Other side effects include injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight gain.

Please click here for additional Important Safety Information

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